Nivine Richie, Ph.D., CFA is an Associate Professor of Finance at the University of North Carolina Wilmington. She teaches courses in corporate financial management, derivatives, fixed income, and commercial bank management. Her research interests include cost of capital, banking, and derivatives. She has published studies in the Journal of Economics and Finance, Journal of Futures Markets, Review of Futures Markets, and Journal of Trading, among others.
There's a good chance that the very people you think are financially secure aren't. Many American's carry an ongoing balance on their credit cards and pay only the minimum payment each month.
The infographic below shows the downside of carrying a credit card balance.
What are credit card interest rates today?
What advice would you give an individual who is using his/her credit card to furnish a first apartment?
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Middle class is the families that earn between $50,000 and $150,000 per year, and though they should be earning enough to live comfortably they are actually living paycheck to paycheck. In the video below, two teachers earn a family income of approximately $90,000 per year. But in the event of an unexpected financial crisis when their car gets side swiped overnight, they struggle to make ends meet.
The infographic below shows that 105 days after its IPO, Snap's stock price was back to $17 per share, which was the initial price at the IPO. Looks like investors don't see much upside and therefore aren't bidding the stock price up any higher.
What does the future of Snap look like?
What differentiates Snap from its competitors?
What problems or challenges does the firm face?
You will find more statistics at Statista
Traditional finance says that investors are rational who weigh information properly and pay the correct value for an investment. But according to behavioral experts, not so.
This video interview with legendary Daniel Kahneman describes the loss aversion that most people experience.
What is the experiment that Professor Kahneman describes?
How does this experiment demonstrate loss aversion?
Could you meet a $400 emergency?
47% of respondents say that they can't meet the emergency without borrowing money. And they're embarrassed about it.
This video with author Neal Gabler shows that this is a common situation among the American middle class.
What is financial fragility?
How widespread is financial fragility?
Why is financial fragility so widespread?
Who is to blame for a family's financial fragility?
What changes would you advise the average family to make to have sufficient savings to meet emergency needs?
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) produced this infographic that shows the outlook for 2017-18.
Based on the outlook below, what investment choices seem to be the most promising?
Source: International Monetary Fund
Active managers charge a fee to make investment recommendations, in contrast with passive investing where the investor accepts the same return that would be earned by buying a basket of stocks that match the market average. Active managers charge a fee and that fee has increased over the years, attracting more active managers into the market.
This interview with Charley Ellis gives an excellent overview of active investing and what has happened over the last 50 years.
Is it worth the time and expense to pick stocks that you think are going to beat the market? What if you selected your stocks by simply throwing darts at the newspaper? Would you do better, the same, or worse than a managed fund (that is, a fund managed by experts)?
This video describes the difference between passive and active investing. Burton Malkiel, author of Random Walk Down Wall Street explains.
1. What is passive investing?
2. Can you beat the market by picking stocks, that is by actively marketing?
This archive video shows the legendary Ben Graham, author of The Intelligent Investor. He describes the activity of the investor in the stock market:
"You have your choice between tossing coins and taking the consensus of expert opinion. And the result is just about the same in each case."
1. Who was Ben Graham and what was his influence on modern finance?
2. What does it mean that "information is already reflected in the stock price?"
Financial stress is one of the key destroyers of marriages and is the root of anxiety for many. The infographic below shows the behaviors surrounding financial stress, including:
For discussion: what surprises you the most about financial stress? What advice would you offer your friends and family regarding their finances?
Source: Best infographics
We've all heard the arguments. Who needs a college degree when some of the most successful people in the world never graduated?
While that is true, and some super successful people dropped out of school, that's not a ticket to success. From this CNBC article, "The Myth of the Mega-Successful Dropout":
In a recent study, we investigated how many of the wealthiest and most influential people graduated college. We studied 11,745 U.S. leaders, including CEOs, federal judges, politicians, multi-millionaires and billionaires, business leaders and the most globally powerful men and women.
...We found about 94 percent of these U.S. leaders attended college, and about 50 percent attended an elite school. Though almost everyone went to college, elite school attendance varied widely. For instance, only 20.6 percent of House members and 33.8 percent of 30-millionaires attended an elite school, but over 80 percent of Forbes' most powerful people did. For whatever reason, about twice as many senators — 41 percent — as House members went to elite schools.
This article explains why college, so the next question is why finance. Though some people have a sense for business and have a natural ability to evaluate risk and choose successful investments, studying finance will help you answer the following three questions:
This video gives a glimpse into the day in the life of a trader in NYC and in London.
What does the day look like to you? Does the pace of work sound exciting? Why or why not?