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  • Generations and the Next America

    In this video, Pew Research Center president Alan Murray introduces Paul Taylor, Executive Vice President of Special Projects at the Pew Research Center and author of The Next America . Mr. Taylor discusses generations and the changing demographics of the United States. How are the nation's rapidly shifting generational makeup and racial/ethnic demographics affecting American families, society, politics and policy? How might these changes affect business? One of the biggest differences between older generations (Silents and Baby Boomers) and younger generations (Millennials and Generation X) is the use of technology. Older generations think younger generations are rude when they use their smart phones to text in meetings. Millennials think that older workers are slow and need a lot of help with technology. What can a manager do to help generations work better together?
  • Generation Y versus Baby Boomer Entrepreneurs

    American Express OPEN surveyed Generation Y entrepreneurs (those ages ages 24 to 35) and Baby Boomer entrepreneurs (ages 48 to 70). (See attached PDF copy of the report) The survey found that the younger generation’s first economic downturn has made them more risk averse (just 56 percent say they like taking risks, down from 72 percent in 2007) while Boomer entrepreneurs’ appetite for risk remains unchanged (54 percent vs. 53 percent in 2007). “Our research shows that while the impact of the recession on both generations has been deep, these entrepreneurs have the resilience to carry on and strive for success,” says Susan Sobbott, president of American Express OPEN. “Even as the recession has come as a reality check for younger business owners, their passion, priorities and lessons learned have them reaping rewards.” The report states, "Since 2007, the impact of technology on running a business has meant more entrepreneurs have created a company presence on a social networking site (51 percent of Gen Y, up from 19 percent; 30 percent of Boomers, up from 11 percent) and established a relationship to sell products online (33 percent of Gen Y, up from 19 percent; 23 percent of Boomers, up from 17 percent)." Why is there a technological divide between older and younger generations? Read the report. Why do young people become entrepreneurs? Do you want to own a business? If so, what type of business would you own?
  • History of Affirmative Action

    Affirmative action originated in the 1960s as a plan to give members of specific groups priority in hiring or promotion. Laws that mandate affirmative action were passed to end job discrimination. But to get a good job, you need a good education. So, it shifted to college campuses. Race may be used for college admissions, but the vast majority do not consider race in their admission process. Even if the law doesn't require affirmative action plans, managers of many organizations choose to develop plans which include goals and timetables for achieving greater representation of and equity for protected groups. What is the importance of affirmative action to organizations today?
  • The Power of a Diverse Workforce

    A diverse workforce includes people from differing age groups, genders, ethic and racial backgrounds, cultural and national origins, and mental and physical capabilities. We're all familiar with the Golden Rule - treat others as you want to be treated. But, the golden rule of management is to treat others as they want to be treated. In this presentation, Deb Dagit encourages all of us to treat others as they want to be treated. Presentations like this one help managers learn about and understand their employees' differences. In what ways can managers utilize and celebrate employee differences?
  • Age Discrimination

    Most managers realize that age discrimination is against the law. Yet, ageism exists. So, it is important for young, newly, hired managers to be careful about age stereotypes. Researchers from the University of California in Berkeley, Hopkins School in New Haven, and Hunter College in New York co-authored a study, "Facebook as a Site for Negative Age Stereotypes," published February 7, 2013 in the Gerontologist . The abstract of the study stated the following. Ageism has been found to exist throughout a wide variety of societal institutions. Whether it also exists in social networking sites has not been previously considered. To explore this possibility, we conducted a content analysis of each publicly accessible Facebook group that concentrated on older individuals. The site "Descriptions" of the 84 groups, with a total of 25,489 members, were analyzed. The mean age category of the group creators was 20-29; all were younger than 60 years. Consistent with our hypothesis, the Descriptions of all but one of these groups focused on negative age stereotypes. Among these Descriptions, 74% excoriated older individuals, 27% infantilized them, and 37% advocated banning them from public activities, such as shopping. Facebook has the potential to break down barriers between generations; in practice, it may have erected new ones. The negative stereotypes of older people include being mentally and physically incompetent, slow, and technologically challenged. Yet, older employees were raised with televisions, while younger employees were raised with computers and cell phones. It is important to remember that older employees can be mentors to younger employees. They have unique skills and qualities and a lot of experience to share. A quote from Austrian writer Marie von Ebner-Eschenach is, "In youth we learn; in age we understand." What are some other positives about older employees?
  • Sheryl Sandberg: Why we have too few women leaders

    Sheryl Sandberg is COO of Facebook and has just written a book, Lean In . She says that women lose out in the workplace because they don't negotiate for themselves. She says , "Since women are expected to be concerned with others, when they advocate for themselves or point to their own value, both men and women react unfavorably." Why don't women advocate for their own interests?
  • Robert Greene on Mastery

    In this video, Robert Greene addresses the Oxford Union Society. In his new book, Mastery , Greene explains how people master and rise to the top of their field. Masters learn faster and more intensely than others in their field. They make connections between ideas that others cannot see. When writing the book, Greene discovered several ideas. Every human being is born unique. This uniqueness is manifested in early childhood. Each child is drawn to something that he or she is good at. Masters hear and stay true to this voice (life task) all during their lives. Masters study, research, and practice. Practice is pleasurable and becomes more pleasurable. They develop patience and a solid work ethic. They immerse themselves in the work. Choose a place with maximum opportunities to learn. Work with an open mind. Observe people. Get along well with others. Accumulate and learn as many skills as possible. This is an adventure! What did you enjoy in your childhood? What is your uniqueness? What is your life task?
  • Men in Pink Collar Jobs

    Today, more men than ever before are working in jobs traditionally held by women, such as nursing and teaching. (Industry jobs held by women have been called " pink collar " in the past.) Integrated occupations improve our society. People having a passion for their work, whether working in a traditional or a nontraditional job, is important to our society because those workers are more satisfied with their lives. Integrated occupations make the workplace more efficient. The best person for the job is the one whose skills match the job description, no matter their sex. What benefits do men see in jobs traditionally dominated by women?